среда, 30 апреля 2008 г.
открылся новый сайт для ЛГБТ, и в особенности транссексуалов. Сайт будет выкладывать инфу, интересующую эти категории людей. Каждой нестандартной паре хочется иметь нормальных адекватных друзей и не всегда они есть, не всегда можно с кем-то посоветоваться.. опытом обменяться. А кто без пары- тем хочется помочь найти любовь...))
Люди там с Украины, но в принципе для всех русскоязычных ЛГБТ)
Зачем зацикливаться на территориальном признаке?
Так что заходите) Будем рады))
вторник, 29 апреля 2008 г.
Институт переходной экономики Банка Финляндии проводит исследования и мониторинг развития экономики в России и Китае. Исследования фокусируются (но не ограничиваются) на макроэкономике и финансовых рынках переходной экономики.
Институт имеет стипендиальную программу, по которой на 3-12 месяцев приглашаются иностранные ученые, специализирующиеся на экономике России и Китая. Опытным ученым могут быть разрешены более короткие визиты. Приглашенные ученые работают по взаимосогласованному плану. Ожидается, что ученые выступят с лекцией, будут взаимодействовать с учеными института, опубликуют статью в материалах института. Вознаграждение ученого зависит от его исследовательского стажа.
Заявления на 2009 год принимаются до 20 июня 2008 года. К заявлению прикладываются исследовательское предложение, автобиография, имена 2-3 рекомендателей и копия публикации по выбору заявителя.
Связаться с Институтом можно через Межгосударственную ассоциацию последипломного образования (495 434-24-38).
Источник: сайт Межгосударственной ассоциации последипломного образования.
воскресенье, 27 апреля 2008 г.
Date 2-4 October 2008
Place Pécs, Hungary
Organiser University of Pécs, School of Medicine (Hungary)
The Local Authority of Pécs
International Organization of Migration (IOM)
Deadline abstracts http://infektologia.aok.pte.hu/congress
More information http://infektologia.aok.pte.hu/congress
вторник, 22 апреля 2008 г.
Конкурс студенческих исследовательских работ по проблематике формирования толерантной среды в Санкт-Петербурге.
Комитет по науке и высшей школе в соответствии с п.1.17 Программы гармонизации межэтнических и межкультурных отношений, профилактики проявлений ксенофобии, укрепления толерантности в Санкт Петербурге на 2006-2010 годы, утвержденной постановлением Правительства Санкт Петербурга от 11.07.2006 № 848, проводит конкурс студенческих исследовательских работ по проблематике формирования толерантной среды в Санкт-Петербурге.
воскресенье, 20 апреля 2008 г.
Ноутбук HP Pavilion G7035er (KM916EA)
|Процессор||Intel Core Duo T2300|
|Оперативная память||2048 Mb|
|Жесткий диск||120 Gb 5400rpm SATA|
|Дисплей||15,4 '' WXGA 1280x800 HP BriteView|
|Видео карта||Intel GMA X3100 up to 358 Mb|
|Привод||DVD-RW Super Multi Double Layer|
|Аудио||Динамики Altec Lansing|
|Порты||аудио выход/наушники - mini phone stereo 3.5 mm, Ethernet - RJ-45 , ExpressCard Type II, FireWire 400 (IEEE 1394) - 4 pin, микрофон - mini phone 3.5 mm, модем - RJ-11, S-video выход, USB 2.0 - 3 x Type A , Camera|
|Операционная Система|| Windows Vista Home Premium -- этто на хрен не нада|
|Батарея||До 3,5 часов работы|
|Размеры||357 x 257 x 29 мм,|
четверг, 17 апреля 2008 г.
Methods and validation
PLoS Medicine. 2008 Apr;5(4):e80.
Hallett TB | Zaba B | Todd J | Lopman B | Mwita W
HIV surveillance of generalised epidemics in Africa primarily relies on prevalence at antenatal clinics, but estimates of incidence in the general population would be more useful. Repeated cross-sectional measures of HIV prevalence are now becoming available for general populations in many countries, and we aim to develop and validate methods that use these data to estimate HIV incidence. Two methods were developed that decompose observed changes in prevalence between two serosurveys into the contributions of new infections and mortality. Method 1 uses cohort mortality rates, and method 2 uses information on survival after infection. The performance of these two methods was assessed using simulated data from a mathematical model and actual data from three community-based cohort studies in Africa. Comparison with simulated data indicated that these methods can accurately estimates incidence rates and changes in incidence in a variety of epidemic conditions. Method 1 is simple to implement but relies on locally appropriate mortality data, whilst method 2 can make use of the same survival distribution in a wide range of scenarios. The estimates from both methods are within the 95% confidence intervals of almost all actual measurements of HIV incidence in adults and young people, and the patterns of incidence over age are correctly captured. It is possible to estimate incidence from cross-sectional prevalence data with sufficient accuracy to monitor the HIV epidemic. Although these methods will theoretically work in any context, we have able to test them only in southern and eastern Africa, where HIV epidemics are mature and generalised. The choice of method will depend on the local availability of HIV mortality data.
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON: It took some shocking statistics - 33 million around the world suffering from HIV or AIDS and 6,000 new infections every day - for U.S. lawmakers to put aside policy disputes and come together.
The House of Representatives voted 308-116 on Wednesday to more than triple, to $50 billion over the next five years, the money available for a program fighting AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis in Africa and other stricken areas of the world.
House Democrats, who voted unanimously in favor of the bill, were effusive in their praise of President George W. Bush, who promoted the global AIDS program that Congress originally enacted in 2003 and backed the House bill.
The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, funded at $15 billion over the 2003-08 period, is "universally recognized as one of the shining accomplishments of the Bush administration," said Representative Jim McGovern, Democrat of Massachusetts.
About $41 billion of the $50 billion would be devoted to AIDS, significantly expanding a program credited with saving more than one million lives in Africa alone in the largest U.S. investment ever against a single disease.
Twenty million people around the world have perished from AIDS, said the chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, Howard Berman, Democrat of California. "We have a moral imperative to act and to act decisively."
The White House said the program is supporting treatment for about 1.45 million people and is on track to meet its goals of backing treatment for 1 million, preventing 7 million new infections and providing care for 10 million, including orphans and vulnerable children.
Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida, the top Republican on the Foreign Affairs Committee, said the program is based on altruism but also has strengthened U.S. security.
If the AIDS pandemic is not addressed, she said, it "will continue to spread its mix of death, poverty and despondency that is further destabilizing governments and societies and undermining the security of entire regions."
The compromise bill was one of the last endeavors of the former Foreign Affairs Committee chairman, Tom Lantos, Democrat of California, who died of cancer in February. The measure is named after Lantos and his predecessor as chairman, the late Representative Henry Hyde, Republican of Illinois. They worked together on the 2003 act.
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee has approved a similar $50 billion bill, and the legislation is seen as having a good chance of passing in an election year in which few major bills will reach the president's desk.
To advance the legislation, conservatives had to give up a provision in the 2003 act requiring that one-third of all HIV prevention funds be spent on abstinence programs. Instead the bill directs the administration to promote "balanced funding for prevention activities" in target countries.
Liberals, in turn, had to accept some restrictions on family planning groups' participation in AIDS programs. Conservatives, concerned that money might be diverted to abortion promotion, pushed for a provision that allows the use of funds for HIV/AIDS testing and counseling services in those family planning programs supported by the U.S. government.
A measure in the 2003 act requiring groups receiving funds to have a policy explicitly opposing prostitution and sex trafficking, opposed by some health groups as impeding anti-AIDS efforts among sex workers, was also left intact.
The White House, which originally promoted doubling the program to $30 billion, has expressed concern over the $50 billion figure but has not opposed it.
"This is irrational generosity," said Representative Dana Rohrabacher, Republican of California, arguing that the country does not have enough money to help veterans and the elderly. "This is benevolence gone wild."
The bill authorizes $10 billion a year, or $50 billion through 2013. Of that, $41 billion is for AIDS prevention and treatment, $4 billion for tuberculosis and $5 billion for malaria. The actual dollars still have to be approved in annual spending bills, but over the past five years Congress exceeded the $15 billion goal, appropriating $19 billion for global AIDS and related programs.
The $41 billion includes up to $2 billion a year for the international Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
The bill limits U.S. contributions to the Global Fund to one-third of total contributions.
It expands the program, originally focused on 15 mainly sub-Saharan African countries, to include Caribbean nations as well as Malawi, Swaziland and Lesotho in Africa. The goal of the next five years is to prevent 12 million new infections, provide anti-retroviral treatment for 3 million and train more than 140,000 health care workers. The bill increases coordination with drinking water and nutrition programs and efforts to educate girls and women.
пятница, 11 апреля 2008 г.
|Indexed in MedLine as: Euro Surveill 2008;13(15)||Published online April 2008|
|Workshop on European behavioural indications for men who have sex with men|
Editorial team (firstname.lastname@example.org), Eurosurveillance editorial office
HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STI) reported among men having sex with men (MSM) have risen in western Europe in recent years. This is thought to be a result of unsafe sexual practices, but data in this field are insufficient. Many European Union (EU) Member States conduct surveys or hand out questionnaires about sexual behaviour and attitudes, either to patients visiting STI clinics, or in at-risk communities, such as MSM. However, the methods of such behavioural surveillance vary greatly between countries, making it difficult to compare data and obtain an overall view of the current sexual behaviour and attitudes in the EU.
Behavioural surveillance of MSM is usually conducted by posing questions that indicate unsafe sexual practices. Public health measures such as awareness campaigns can then target the practices identified. However, there is currently no standard set of indicators for behavioural surveillance of MSM in the EU. The indicators of United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) indicators , which every country should monitor and report, are not tailored to western European countries and do not specifically address the MSM community. During a workshop held by the Robert Koch Institute in Berlin, Germany, in February 2007 , experts from across the EU had stressed the need to harmonise behavioural indicators among countries performing behavioural surveys among MSM, so that national epidemiologists and social scientists can compare results with their European colleagues and target prevention interventions more effectively. On 20 and 21 February 2008, the European Centre for Prevention Disease and Control (ECDC) hosted a technical workshop in Stockholm, Sweden, bringing together epidemiologists and social scientists from across the EU in order to work towards this goal.
The ECDC recently awarded a contract to the University of Lausanne, Switzerland, to analyse behavioural surveillance related to STI and HIV. This study will look at the EU population as a whole as well as specific groups at risk (including MSM), and will result in a proposal for the implementation of harmonised behavioural surveillance in EU Member States. This workshop’s outcomes and recommendations will be included in the University of Lausanne’s wider project.
The workshop opened with presentations of the results of behavioural surveys among MSM that had been conducted in different countries and regions across western Europe in recent years. Unsurprisingly, the results and methodologies were widely different. Some countries had been collecting data since as far back as 1987, while others were much more recent; some countries are about to start behavioural surveillance in MSM; some countries collected data every year, others sporadically; some countries had wide samples, others very small ones, and so on. Despite the differences, many countries had observed an increase in unsafe sexual practices in recent years.
Two working groups met to discuss a possible set of indicators that could be included in questionnaires across the EU. They were invited to address the following areas: practice of anal intercourse, condom use, history of STI, number of sexual partners, HIV serostatus and HIV testing behaviour. The first group proposed seven key indicators, and the second group proposed eight. There was a great deal of discussion about the nuances and level of detail, but there seemed to be general agreement that surveys should aim to ask respondents the following points:
• The number of sexual partners they had had in the past six months or year;
Other suggestions included asking about the sero-status of sexual partners, if known; whether or not the respondent is in a relationship, and if so if it is open or closed; the perception of the risk of certain sexual practices; and the ability to express sexual preferences to others. Some delegates felt that there should be a set of core indicators for all countries, and an enhanced set for countries that wish to implement more detailed studies.
Broader issues discussed included how frequently such surveys should be done; how widely; and in what settings, as well as how to recruit respondents. A full report of the meeting is being prepared for publication on the ECDC’s website, and the University of Lausanne will consider the recommendations of the workshop in its further activities addressing the groups most at risk, including MSM.
среда, 2 апреля 2008 г.
вторник, 1 апреля 2008 г.
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON: The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Thursday approved the spending of $50 billion (32.1 billion) over the next five years to combat the health crises posed by AIDS and other diseases in Africa and elsewhere in the world.
The 18-3 committee vote comes two weeks after the House Foreign Affairs Committee endorsed a similar bill.
President George W. Bush, chief advocate of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief that began five years ago, backed the House bill and the legislation appears to be on course to becoming one of the few major achievements of Congress in a highly partisan election year.
The Senate bill was jointly introduced by committee chairman Sen. Joseph Biden, a Democrat, and top Republican Richard Lugar along with two other members.
The legislation would more than triple the $15 billion (9.63 billion) allotted for the first five-year program, which expires this year. Under the program, targeted to 15 nations in Africa and the Caribbean, some 1.4 million people have received drugs to fight the virus and more than 6.6 million have received care.
"Over 2 million orphans and vulnerable children have received care, education and support," Biden said. "Across Africa, we have given millions of people hope for a better and longer life."
Included in the Senate bill was a measure introduced by Sen. John Kerry, a Democrat, to lift a travel ban, enacted in 1987 and reinstated in 1993, on people with HIV entering the United States. There is a waiver option, Kerry said, "but the process is incredibly restrictive."
Like the House bill, it would ease stipulations in the 2003 act that required that one-third of all prevention money be spent on abstinence programs, instead directing the administration to promote "balanced funding for prevention activities."
The Senate bill does not mention family planning. House negotiators, responding to concerns from anti-abortion groups that AIDS money might be used for abortions, worked out a provision allowing the use of funds for HIV/AIDS testing and counseling services in those family planning programs supported by the U.S. government.
The $50 billion (32.1 billion) in approved spending includes $4 billion (2.5 billion) to fight tuberculosis and $5 billion (3.21 billion) for malaria.
The Senate bill is S. 2731.
On the Net:
President's Emergency Plan: http://www.pepfare.gov/