четверг, 11 октября 2007 г.


Measuring population pressure on the landscape: Comparative GIS studies in China, India, and the United States
(Abstract; subscription needed for full text; Global) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11111-007-0055-4
Population and Environment. 2007 Jul;28(6):321-336.
Rain DR | Long JF | Ratcliffe MR
Measures of the effects of population pressure on the landscape using traditional methods for classifying urban territory are inadequate. The crude scale at which population densities are calculated and dependence on country-specific administration divisions hinder their ability to address such questions as the environmental impacts of cities and suburbs and make cross-national comparisons particularly difficult. This paper examines comparative urbanization measures among three case studies: the Pearl River Delta in Guangdong Province of China, the Indian state of Kerala, and the southern part of Florida in the United States. It proposes a measure based on the distribution of local population densities, taking advantage of the detailed data on small area populations and land area available in modern censuses and model-derived population databases such as LandScan, and the increasing
potential of spatial analysis using geographic information systems (GIS). Examined with a similar set of thresholds, the resulting density distributions offer the potential to show better the ecological effects of population than do traditional measures.

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